Israel Kristal, originally “Izrael”, sometimes transliterated “Yisrael Kristal”, was a validated Polish-born Israeli supercentenarian who was recognised as the World’s Oldest Man from the death of Yasutaro Koide on 18 January 2016 until his own death on 11 August 2017. He was also the oldest (known) living Holocaust survivor at the time of his death. He is also the second-oldest European-born man ever, behind Joan Riudavets Moll.