4 August 1900Kagoshima, Japan


21 April 2018Kagoshima, Japan



Nabi Tajima

Nabi Tajima [Japanese: 田島ナビ] was a Japanese supercentenarian who was the oldest validated person in the world at the time of her death and remains the fifth-oldest validated person ever recorded after Jeanne Calment, Kane Tanaka, Sarah Knauss, and Lucile Randon. She became the oldest person in Japan following the death of an anonymous woman in Tokyo on 27 September 2015, and the oldest person in the world following the death of Violet Brown on 15 September 2017. Tajima was the last known surviving validated person born in the year 1900, as well as the last known surviving validated person born in the 19th century.

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Tajima was born on 4 August 1900, in Araki, an area of what was then Wan Village, in the westernmost part of Kikaijima Island, Kagoshima prefecture. At some point in her life, she married a man two years older than her. The couple raised seven sons and two daughters, cultivated sugarcane and sesame seeds for decades, and at one point owned a sugar processing factory.

When she was 92 years old, she lost her husband, Tominishi, and lived with her eldest son and his wife, but when she was 102 years old, she entered a nursing home. After entering her nursing home, she was still able to walk with the help of a cane, but a fall resulting in a bone fracture as a centenarian would leave her wheelchair-bound for the rest of her life. When she lived in her home, she loved Amami’s fermented drink called “Miki” and drank it often.

In her later life, she lived in Kikai, located on the same island in the prefecture of Kagoshima. On her 117th birthday in 2017, she had nine children (seven sons and two daughters), 28 grandchildren, 58 great-grandchildren, 64 great-great-grandchildren, and 14 great-great-great-grandchildren. She ate three meals a day consisting of five dishes, including rice porridge and miso soup, mixed in a blender. She would sometimes make dancing gestures when she heard shimauta or shamisen music.

Tajima died from natural causes at a hospital in Kikaijima, Kagoshima, Japan on 21 April 2018, at the age of 117 years, 260 days. She had reportedly been hospitalized since January of the same year.

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Tajima’s age was validated by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG). She is currently the second-oldest validated Japanese person ever (Kane Tanaka) and is also currently the fifth-oldest validated person ever recorded (after Jeanne CalmentTanakaSarah Knauss, and Lucile Randon).